Presbia PLC
Presbia PLC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 08/11/2017 16:37:01)

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES and EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2017

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission file number: 001-36824

 

Presbia PLC

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Ireland

98-1162329

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

120/121 Baggot Street Lower, Dublin 2 Ireland

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

+353 (1) 659 9446

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes       No  

The number of outstanding shares of the Registrant’s ordinary shares as of July 27, 2017 was 17,121,857 shares, $0.001 par value per share.

 

 

 

 

 


 

PRESBIA PLC

TABLE OF CONTENTS

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2017

 

Item

 

Page

 

 

 

 

PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2017 (unaudited) and December 31, 2016

2

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 (unaudited)

3

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 (unaudited)

4

 

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

5

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

12

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

17

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

17

 

 

 

 

PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

17

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

17

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

18

 

 

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

18

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

18

 

 

 

Item 5.

Other Information

18

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

19

 

 

 

 

Signatures

20

 

 

 

 


 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements, within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “objective,” “ongoing,” “plan,” “predict,” “project,” “potential,” “should,” “will,” or “would,” and or the negative of these terms, or other comparable terminology intended to identify statements about the future. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from the information expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.

Although we believe that we have a reasonable basis for each forward-looking statement contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we caution you that these statements are based on a combination of facts and factors currently known by us and our expectations of the future, about which we cannot be certain.

The forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include, among other things, statements about:

 

the timing, progress and results of our U.S. staged pivotal clinical trial and our regulatory submissions;

 

our ability to advance our microlens and successfully complete our U.S. staged pivotal clinical trial;

 

our ability to obtain pre-market approvals;

 

the commercialization of our microlens outside the U.S.;

 

our ability to continue as a going concern;

 

our anticipated cash needs and our needs for additional financing;

 

the implementation of our business model, strategic plans for our business, products and technology;

 

the scope of protection we are able to establish and maintain for intellectual property rights covering our products and technology;

 

estimates of our expenses, future revenues, capital requirements and our needs for additional financing;

 

the timing or likelihood of regulatory filings and approvals;

 

our financial performance; and

 

developments relating to our competitors and our industry.

You should refer to “Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (”SEC”) on March 29, 2017 for a discussion of important factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by our forward-looking statements.  As a result of these factors, we cannot assure you that the forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q will prove to be accurate. You should understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors. Consequently, you should not consider any such list to be a complete discussion of all potential risks or uncertainties that may substantially impact our business. Moreover, we operate in a competitive and rapidly changing environment. New factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible to predict the impact of all of these factors on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Furthermore, if our forward-looking statements prove to be inaccurate, the inaccuracy may be material. In light of the significant uncertainties in these forward-looking statements, you should not regard these statements as a representation or warranty by us or any other person that we will achieve our objectives and plans in any specified time frame or at all. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

You should read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and any documents that we reference in this report completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.

1

 


 

PART I.  FINANCI AL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

PRESBIA PLC

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share data and par value amount)

 

 

 

June 30, 2017

 

 

December 31, 2016

 

Assets

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

10,668

 

 

$

7,333

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

10

 

 

 

3

 

Inventory, net

 

 

249

 

 

 

302

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

492

 

 

 

392

 

Total current assets

 

 

11,419

 

 

 

8,030

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

643

 

 

 

727

 

Intangible asset

 

 

1,504

 

 

 

1,494

 

Other assets

 

 

128

 

 

 

126

 

Total assets

 

$

13,694

 

 

$

10,377

 

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

466

 

 

$

399

 

Due to related parties

 

 

28

 

 

 

18

 

Note payable, current portion

 

 

522

 

 

 

490

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

1,255

 

 

 

582

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

2,271

 

 

 

1,489

 

Note payable, net of current portion

 

 

448

 

 

 

369

 

Deferred rent

 

 

138

 

 

 

80

 

Total liabilities

 

 

2,857

 

 

 

1,938

 

Commitments and contingencies (note 7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders' equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ordinary Shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$0.001 par value, 350,000,000 shares authorized; 17,121,857 and

   13,420,927 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2017 and

   December 31, 2016

 

 

17

 

 

 

13

 

Deferred ordinary Shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

€1.00 (US$1.35) par value, 39,994 shares authorized, issued and

   outstanding at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016

 

 

54

 

 

 

54

 

Preferred Shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$0.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized; -0- shares issued

   and outstanding at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

91,195

 

 

 

79,676

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(80,429

)

 

 

(71,304

)

Total shareholders' equity

 

 

10,837

 

 

 

8,439

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

$

13,694

 

 

$

10,377

 

 

See accompanying notes to these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

2

 


 

PRESBIA PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three-Months Ended  June 30,

 

 

Six-Months Ended  June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Revenues

 

$

 

 

$

3

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

6

 

Cost of goods sold

 

 

17

 

 

 

26

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

47

 

Gross loss

 

 

(17

)

 

 

(23

)

 

 

(23

)

 

 

(41

)

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

2,022

 

 

 

1,244

 

 

 

3,863

 

 

 

2,538

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

816

 

 

 

733

 

 

 

1,777

 

 

 

1,412

 

General and administrative

 

 

1,649

 

 

 

1,881

 

 

 

3,403

 

 

 

3,659

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

4,487

 

 

 

3,858

 

 

 

9,043

 

 

 

7,609

 

Operating loss

 

 

(4,504

)

 

 

(3,881

)

 

 

(9,066

)

 

 

(7,650

)

Interest (expense) income

 

 

(4

)

 

 

5

 

 

 

(18

)

 

 

9

 

Other income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Loss before income tax provision

 

 

(4,508

)

 

 

(3,876

)

 

 

(9,084

)

 

 

(7,640

)

Income tax provision

 

 

25

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

41

 

 

 

9

 

Net loss

 

$

(4,533

)

 

$

(3,882

)

 

$

(9,125

)

 

$

(7,649

)

Net loss per ordinary share-basic and diluted

 

$

(0.27

)

 

$

(0.29

)

 

$

(0.58

)

 

$

(0.57

)

Weighted average shares outstanding - basic and diluted

 

 

16,956,056

 

 

 

13,337,042

 

 

 

15,618,001

 

 

 

13,336,268

 

 

See accompanying notes to these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

3

 


 

PRESBIA PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Six-Months Ended  June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Cash flow from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(9,125

)

 

$

(7,649

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

171

 

 

 

96

 

Inventory provisions

 

 

29

 

 

 

47

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

1,038

 

 

 

959

 

Imputed interest expense

 

 

40

 

 

 

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(7

)

 

 

82

 

Inventory

 

 

24

 

 

 

(126

)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

(100

)

 

 

(202

)

Other assets

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(96

)

Accounts payable and other current liabilities

 

 

698

 

 

 

(139

)

Income taxes payable

 

 

39

 

 

 

(17

)

Deferred rent

 

 

58

 

 

 

(8

)

Due to related parties

 

 

10

 

 

 

(3

)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(7,127

)

 

 

(7,056

)

Cash flow from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of intangible assets

 

 

(87

)

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(7

)

 

 

(52

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(94

)

 

 

(52

)

Cash flow from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of ordinary shares from rights offering, net of costs

 

 

10,485

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from sale of equipment

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

10,485

 

 

 

1

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash

 

 

3,264

 

 

 

(7,107

)

Effect of exchange rate on cash

 

 

71

 

 

 

 

Cash balance at beginning of period

 

 

7,333

 

 

 

21,749

 

Cash balance at end of period

 

$

10,668

 

 

$

14,642

 

 

See accompanying notes to these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

4

 


 

PRESBIA PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

(1)  Basis of Presentation

Principles of Consolidation.   The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been derived from the historical cost basis of the assets and liabilities, financial condition and cash flows of Presbia PLC and Presbia Ireland, Limited, both organized in Ireland, Presbia Investments, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Presbia PLC organized in the Cayman Islands, and Presbia Ireland, Limited’s subsidiaries, Presbia USA, Inc., and OPL, LLC. Presbia USA, Inc. and OPL, LLC are both entities organized in the United States, and include Presbia USA, Inc.’s subsidiaries, Visitome, Inc. and PresbiBio, LLC, both organized in the United States, and OPL, LLC’s direct and indirect subsidiaries, PIP Holdings, C.V and Presbia Cooperatief U.A., both organized in the Netherlands, and PresbiOptical LLC, organized in the United States (collectively, including Presbia PLC, the “Company”).  The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”).  The Company’s fiscal year ends on December 31. The entities presented in the consolidated financial statements have been under common control during the periods presented. All intercompany accounts have been eliminated in consolidation.

Basis of Presentation.   The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2017 and for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, have been prepared in accordance with GAAP for interim financial reporting, and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. The accompanying consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2016 has been derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2016, contained in the above referenced Form 10-K. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements presented in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 29, 2017. In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments which are necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results of operations for such interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results of operations to be expected for the full year.

References to amounts in the accompanying consolidated financial statements are in thousands, except per share data, unless otherwise specified.

Liquidity

The Company has incurred significant operating losses since inception and had relied on funding from Presbia Holdings (the “Parent”) to fund operations prior to its IPO on February 3, 2015. Presbia Holdings was dissolved on November 25, 2015 and ceased to be the Parent of Presbia PLC. At June 30, 2017, the Company has an accumulated deficit of $80.4 million.  As the Company continues to incur losses, its transition to profitability will depend primarily on the completion of its U.S. staged pivotal trial, obtaining FDA approval of its microlens and, if approval is received from the FDA, the commercialization of its product within the United States and, to a lesser extent, may also be impacted by the successful commercialization of its product in certain jurisdictions outside the United States in which the Company has market approval, including the European Economic Area. The Company may never achieve profitability, and unless and until it does, it will need to continue to raise additional capital.  We may raise additional capital through equity offerings, debt financings, collaborations and/or licensing arrangements. Additional funds may not be available when we need them on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all. If adequate funds are not available on acceptable terms, we may be required to delay, reduce the scope of, or curtail, our operations.

Going Concern

Management does not expect existing cash to be sufficient to fund the Company’s operations for at least twelve months from the issuance date of these interim financial statements. These financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which assumes the Company will continue to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities in the normal course of business. As of June 30, 2017, the Company has incurred losses totaling $80.4 million since inception, has not yet generated material revenue from operations, and will require additional funds to maintain its operations. These factors raise substantial doubt regarding the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after these interim financial statements are issued. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon its ability to generate future profitable operations and obtain the necessary financing to meet its obligations and repay its liabilities arising from normal business operations when they become due. The Company intends to finance operating costs over

5

 


 

the next twelve months through its existing financia l resources and we will need to raise additional capital through equity offerings, debt financings, collaborations and/or licensing arrangements. If adequate funds are not available on acceptable terms, we may be required to delay, reduce the scope of, or curtail, our operations. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to conti nue as a going concern.

 

(2)  Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

During the six months ended June 30, 2017 there have been no changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies as described in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016.

 

Foreign Currency

The functional currency of subsidiaries outside the United States of America is the U.S. Dollar. Transactions in foreign currencies during the year are re-measured at rates of exchange on the dates of the transactions. Gains and losses related to re-measurement of items arising through operating activities are accounted for in the statement of operations and comprehensive loss and included in general and administrative expense. Aggregate foreign exchange loss was $52,000 and $79,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively, and aggregate foreign exchange loss was $7,000 and $16,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, respectively.

Comprehensive Loss

Comprehensive income or loss is defined as a change in equity of a company attributable to all transactions excluding those transactions resulting from investment with owners and distributions to owners. There were no differences between net loss and comprehensive loss in the periods ended June 30, 2017 and 2016.

Offering Costs

On December 5, 2016, the Company filed with the SEC a Form S-1 Registration Statement under the Securities Act of 1933 for the purpose of distributing to holders of the Company’s ordinary shares, non-transferable and non-tradeable subscription rights to purchase ordinary shares (“rights offering”). During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company incurred approximately $0.0 million and $0.4 million related to its rights offering, which was completed on March 8, 2017.  Upon completion of the rights offering, the Company netted approximately $0.4 million in offering costs against the gross proceeds in shareholders’ equity.   

Future Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) .  The new standard is based on the principle that revenue should be recognized to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2018 and allows for full retrospective or a modified retrospective adoption method.

Revenues continue to be immaterial for the Company and are expected to continue to be immaterial in the near-term as we are undertaking limited commercialization efforts in only a few selected markets. Accordingly, we currently do not expect the new revenue standard to have a material impact on the amount and timing of revenue recognized in our consolidated financial statements. We currently expect to adopt the new revenue standard in our first quarter of 2018 utilizing the modified retrospective adoption method. The foregoing preliminary assessments or expectations are subject to change pending further analysis through the 2017 year.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) .  The new standard requires lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets as lease liabilities with corresponding right-of-use assets and eliminates certain real estate-specific provisions.  ASU 2016-02 will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2019.  ASU 2016-02 will be adopted on a modified retrospective transition basis for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. Although the Company is currently evaluating the full impact of ASU 2016-02 on its consolidated financial statements, upon adoption of ASU 2016-2 the Company’s operating leases will be recognized on the balance sheet as a lease liability if certain criteria is met, with a corresponding right of use asset.

6

 


 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows , which clarifies the classification of certain cash receipts and payments.  The specific cash flow issues addressed by ASU 2016-15, with the objective of reducing the existing diversity in practice, are as follows: (1) Debt prepayment or debt ex tinguishment costs; (2) Settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments or other debt instruments with insignificant coupon interest rates; (3) Contingent consideration payments made after a business combination; (4) Proceeds from the settlement of insurance cl aims; (5) Proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies; (6) Distributions received from equity method investees; (7) Beneficial interest in securitization transactions; and (8) Separately identifiable cash flows and application o f the predominance in principle.  ASU 2016-15 will be effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017.  The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2016-15 on its consolidated financial statements. 

 

 

(3)  Loss per Share

Basic net loss per ordinary share is calculated by dividing net loss allocated to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the reporting period, excluding unvested restricted stock awards. Diluted net loss allocated to ordinary shareholders per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of ordinary shares and dilutive potential ordinary shares outstanding during the period. Dilutive potential ordinary shares consist of the shares issuable upon the exercise of options and upon the vesting of restricted shares under the treasury stock method.  In net loss periods, basic and diluted net loss per share are identical since the effect of potential ordinary shares is anti-dilutive and therefore excluded.

Basic and diluted loss per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 were calculated as follows:

 

 

 

Three-Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six-Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Net Loss

 

$

(4,533

)

 

$

(3,882

)

 

$

(9,125

)

 

$

(7,649

)

Weighted average shares outstanding

   - basic and diluted

 

 

16,956,056

 

 

 

13,337,042

 

 

 

15,618,001

 

 

 

13,336,268

 

Net loss per ordinary share - basic and

   diluted

 

$

(0.27

)

 

$

(0.29

)

 

$

(0.58

)

 

$

(0.57

)

 

Antidilutive securities, which consist of options and unvested restricted shares that are not included in the diluted net loss per share calculation, consisted of an aggregate of 1,152,500 and 1,111,968 weighted average shares for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively and 1,050,000 and 1,112,087 for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.  

 

 

(4)  Share Based Awards

Equity Issued by Presbia PLC

Presbia Incentive Plan

On January 14, 2015, the Company approved a compensation incentive plan (the “Presbia Incentive Plan”). The Presbia Incentive Plan permits the Company to grant awards of options, restricted shares, share appreciation rights, restricted share units, performance shares, performance share units, dividend equivalent rights in respect of awards and other share-based and cash-based awards, including annual and long-term cash incentive awards.  A total of 2,200,000 ordinary shares are authorized for issuance under the Presbia Incentive Plan of which approximately 166,741 were available on June 30, 2017 for future grants and awards. The exercise price of each option award shall be determined by the Board of Directors (or a committee thereof) at the date of grant in accordance with the terms of the 2005 Plan, and under the Presbia Incentive Plan awards generally vest 20% annually over a five-year period and expire no later than 10 years from the grant date.  The Presbia Incentive Plan terminates on January 14, 2025, unless terminated earlier by the board of directors.  Awards under the Presbia Incentive Plan may be granted to employees, directors, consultants and other persons who perform services for the Company or a subsidiary of the Company.

 

 

7

 


 

The following table shows share-based compensation expense based upon all equity awards issued by Presbia PLC included in the Consolidate d Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 (in thousands).

 

 

 

Three-Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six-Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Research and development

 

$

126

 

 

$

103

 

 

$

242

 

 

$

163

 

General and administrative

 

 

311

 

 

 

414

 

 

 

641

 

 

 

729

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

78

 

 

 

26

 

 

 

155

 

 

 

67

 

 

 

$

515

 

 

$

543

 

 

$

1,038

 

 

$

959

 

 

Options

The following table sets forth the Company’s option activity for the six months ended June 30, 2017:

 

 

 

Number of

Presbia PLC

Shares

 

 

Weighted Average

Exercise Price

Per Share

 

 

Aggregate

Intrinsic Value

 

Balance, December 31, 2016

 

 

1,050,000

 

 

$

9.77

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited/cancelled/expired

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, June 30, 2017

 

 

1,050,000

 

 

$

9.77

 

 

 

 

Vested, June 30, 2017

 

 

587,800

 

 

$

9.81

 

 

 

 

No Vested, June 30, 2017

 

 

462,200

 

 

$

9.71

 

 

 

 

Exercisable, June 30, 2017

 

 

587,800

 

 

$

9.81

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee Options

The Company utilizes the Black-Scholes valuation model for estimating the fair value of granted stock options with the following assumptions in addition to the closing price of the Company’s ordinary shares on the date of the grant: (i) the Company estimates the expected term of the option utilizing the simplified method because of its limited history of option exercise activity and its options meet the criteria of a "plain-vanilla" option as defined by the Securities Exchange Commission (ii) due to its limited stock price volatility history, the Company uses a peer group average as permitted under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 718 consistent with the expected term of the stock option at the time of the grant and (iii) applies a risk-free interest rate based on the U.S. Treasury securities yield consistent with the expected term of the option at the time of the grant. The simplified method calculates the expected term as the average of the weighted average vesting period and contractual terms of the award.

For those options granted to employees, stock-based compensation expense was based upon the fair value of the option as of the grant-date and attributed to future reporting periods on a straight-line basis over the vesting period, or the requisite service period. A 3% forfeiture rate assumption was applied, which reduced the amount of expense recognized each period anticipating that a portion of all options granted would, more likely than not, be cancelled prior to the dates of its vesting periods. The forfeiture rate is subject to review and may be adjusted based upon experience. The Company did not issue employee options during the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016.

 

8

 


 

Non-Employee Options

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, the Company did not grant options to non-employee consultants and medical advisors. In contrast to the determination of the fair value of options granted to employees, which are determined based upon the grant-date assumptions and applying the Black-Scholes model, the fair values for non-employee options and the related stock-based compensation expense are remeasured each financial reporting period based upon the assumptions applicable on the dates in which the financial statements are prepared, which are disclosed in the following table:

 

 

 

Three-Months Ended June 30, 2017

 

 

Three-Months Ended June 30, 2016

 

 

Six-Months Ended June 30, 2017

 

 

Six-Months Ended June 30, 2016

 

Stock price per share

 

$1.25 -$1.63

 

 

$

4.52

 

 

$1.25 -$2.51

 

 

$

4.52

 

Expected term

 

7.7 - 8.4 Yrs.

 

 

9.0 Yrs.

 

 

7.7 - 8.6 Yrs.

 

 

8.7 - 9.4 Yrs.

 

Volatility

 

79.1% - 83.5%

 

 

 

66.1%

 

 

79.1% - 90.0%

 

 

 

66.1%

 

Dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Risk-free rate

 

2.2%

 

 

 

1.5%

 

 

2.2% - 2.3%

 

 

 

1.5%

 

 

Because the performance criteria of these grants is based solely upon a requisite service period, but are subject to forfeiture if the service conditions are not met, stock-based compensation expense is determined by a straight-line attribution of the remeasured expense (mark-to-market) over the requisite service period subject to a forfeiture rate of 3%.

Restricted Shares

Consistent with the Company’s director compensation policy, the Company’s board of directors approved the grant of 0 and 89,166 restricted ordinary shares of the Company during the three and six month period ended June 30, 2017, with a grant date weighted average fair value of $2.28, and a one-year vesting period following the date of grant. The Company granted 15,968 restricted ordinary shares during the three and six months ended June 30, 2016.

The following table sets forth the Company’s restricted share activity for the six months ended June 30, 2017:

 

 

 

Unvested Number

of

Shares

 

 

Weighted Average

Fair

Value per Share

 

Balance, December 31, 2016

 

 

81,682

 

 

$

3.50

 

Granted

 

 

89,166

 

 

$

2.28

 

Vested

 

 

(5,047

)

 

$

2.28

 

Forfeited/cancelled

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unvested, June 30, 2017

 

 

165,801

 

 

$

2.28

 

 

Restricted Share Units

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Board of Directors approved and granted the award of 32,500 and 87,500 restricted share units (“RSU” or “RSU’s” or “RSU Plan”), respectively, to officers and employees in accordance with the guidelines provided by the Presbia Incentive Plan, which includes a provision that the recipient must be employed as a condition of vesting. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the Board of Directors approved and granted the award of and 0 and 682,500 restricted share units, respectively. The Presbia RSU Plan authorizes the issuance of 20% of each recipient’s total RSU award for the first occurrence that the closing price of the Company’s ordinary shares exceed, for a period of 20 consecutive business days, price thresholds of $10.00, $15.00, $20.00, $25.00 and $30.00, respectively. The RSU Plan also provides for a one-year “wait” or service period prior to any vesting permitted under the plan. The RSU Plan has a seven-year expiration period following the date of the grant.

9

 


 

Fair value of the RSU’s awarded were determined using a Monte Carlo Simulation (“MCS”) methodology, which considers the separate probabilities that each of the price thresholds or market conditions will be achieved under the RSU Plan guidelines. E ach probability is weighted by its respective price threshold, or its intrinsic value, which provides the basis for an aggregate fair value. The Company used the following key inputs in determining the fair value using the MCS model: (i) the volatility of the entity’s common stock and (ii) the closing price of the entity’s stock as of the measurement date of the RSU award. In accordance with GAAP, the Company recognizes as stock-based compensation expense, using a straight-line attribution method, the aggre gate fair value over future periods based upon the respective derived service periods and fair values for each of the price thresholds as provided by the MCS model. A 3% forfeiture rate was applied to account for future cancellations and forfeitures. Durin g the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2017, approximately $203,000 and $393,000, respectively, was recorded as stock-based compensation related to the RSU Plan.

The following table sets forth the Company’s RSU activity for the six months ended June 30, 2017:

 

 

 

Unvested Number

of

Shares

 

 

Weighted Average

Fair

Value per Share

 

Balance, December 31, 2016

 

 

719,000

 

 

$

3.10

 

Granted

 

 

87,500

 

 

$

4.53

 

Vested

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited/cancelled

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unvested, June 30, 2017

 

 

806,500

 

 

$

3.25

 

 

Unrecognized Share-based Compensation

As of June 30, 2017 and 2016, there were $2.7 million and $4.0 million, respectively, of unrecognized compensation expense related to employee and non-employee options of the Company, which collectively is expected to be recognized by the Company over the weighted average vesting period of 1.7 and 3.4 years, respectively. Unrecognized compensation expense for the same periods related to restricted shares was $290,000 and $177,000, respectively, and is expected to be recognized over the weighted average vesting periods of 1.5 and 4.3 years, respectively.

 

 

(5)  Concentration of Credit Risk

The Company had cash of $10.7 million and $7.3 million as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively, which consists of checking account deposits. The Company maintains cash balances at financial institutions located in the United States and secured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation up to $250,000.

In the six month periods ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 there were one and two customers, respectively, that represented 100% of total sales recognized for each year. As of June 30, 2017, the Company was not authorized to manufacture or sell any of its products or services within the United States and, as a result, all of the Company’s revenues are derived from foreign customers.

 

With respect to suppliers for the microlens, the Company had a five-year supplier agreement that expired in January 2017 with a lens manufacturer in Israel from which the Company received 100% of its lens supply for use in commercial activities outside the United States. The Company uses and plans to continue to use its own manufacturing facility in Irvine, California to manufacture its microlens. The Company may continue to use its Israeli supplier if the outside of U.S. demand exceeds the Company’s internal manufacturing capability.

 

 

10

 


 

(6) Income Taxes

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for temporary differences between financial statement and income tax carrying values, using tax rates in effect for the years such differences are expected to reverse. Due to uncertainties surrounding the Company's ability to generate future taxable income and consequently realize such deferred income tax assets, a full valuation allowance has been established. The Company continues to maintain a full valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets as of June 30, 2017.

The impact of an uncertain income tax position on the income tax return must be recognized at the largest amount that is more likely than not to be sustained upon audit by the relevant tax authority. An uncertain income tax position will not be recognized if it has less than a 50% likelihood of being sustained. As of June 30, 2017, the Company does not have unrecognized tax benefits; and, as such, disclosures included in the Company's 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K continue to be relevant for the period ended June 30, 2017.

 

 

(7)  Commitments and Contingencies

T he Company extended the lease that expired in May 2017 by entering into a five-year non-cancelable lease for office and manufacturing space in Irvine, California that expires in May 2022. The Company also entered a two-year lease in Dublin, Ireland that commenced on June 1, 2017, a 30-month lease in Amsterdam, the Netherlands that commenced on January 1, 2016, and a four-year lease for office space in Irvine, California, that commenced on August 1, 2016 and will expire September 2020. Aggregate rent expense for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 was $168,000 and $85,000, respectively, and for the six months ended for the same period was $337,000 and $170,000, respectively.

From time to time, the Company may be subject to legal proceedings and claims arising in the ordinary course of business. Management does not believe that the outcome of any of these matters will have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial operations .

 

 

 

11

 


 

ITEM 2.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OP ERATIONS.

Unless we state otherwise, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” “Presbia” and the “Company” refer to Presbia PLC and its consolidated subsidiaries after giving effect to the Reorganization Transactions. Prior to the completion of the Reorganization Transactions, the foregoing terms refer to the entities that became the consolidated subsidiaries of Presbia PLC upon consummation of the Reorganization Transactions.

Our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is organized as follows:

 

Overview.   This section provides a general description of our Company and background information on certain trends and developments affecting our Company.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates.   This section discusses those accounting policies that are considered important to the evaluation and reporting of our financial condition and results of operations, and whose application requires us to exercise subjective or complex judgments in making estimates and assumptions. In addition, all of our significant accounting policies, including our critical accounting policies, are summarized in Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” of our notes to consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016. There have been no material changes, except for the adoption of new accounting standards as discussed elsewhere in this report.

 

Overview of Results of Operations.   This section provides our analysis and outlook for the significant line items on our consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, as well as other information that we deem meaningful to understand our results of operations on a consolidated basis.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources.   This section provides an analysis of our liquidity and cash flows.

Overview

We are an ophthalmic device company which has developed and is currently marketing a proprietary optical lens implant for treating presbyopia, the age-related loss of the ability to focus on near objects.  Our microlens is a miniature lens designed to be surgically implanted in a patient’s eye to improve that patient’s ability to see objects at close distances.  Our current strategy is to focus on obtaining regulatory approval for our microlens in the United States and to continue to commercialize our microlens in certain strategic countries where we currently have marketing approval. Our goal is to become a leading provider of corneal inlay presbyopia-correcting treatment worldwide.

Although reading glasses and contact lenses have historically been, and remain, the most common solution for presbyopia, there are significant drawbacks associated with these approaches, as well as with alternative surgical approaches.  We believe that our microlens provides an alternative solution to those presbyopic individuals who desire greater freedom from glasses and wish to avoid the daily maintenance and other complications of contact lenses. We believe that our microlens can be both an effective standalone solution for presbyopia and an effective complementary solution that can be used in conjunction with certain other surgical approaches that are used to treat vision disorders other than presbyopia.

Through our European Union CE Mark, we are generally authorized to market our microlens throughout the European Economic Area (all European Union member states plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway), or “EEA”, and through mutual recognition agreements, in Switzerland. We currently market our microlens in certain strategic EEA countries as well as certain strategic countries outside of the EEA in which we possess marketing approval.

We are focused on seeking marketing approval in the United States. In December 2013, we received approval to commence a staged pivotal clinical trial as part of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or “FDA”, approval process. Beginning in May 2014, we enrolled a total of 75 subjects at six investigational sites in the United States and each subject underwent insertion of our microlens in the non-dominant eye. Based on nine-month data on 52 subjects, in January 2015, we submitted an interim safety report as a supplement to our investigational device exemption, or “IDE”, to the FDA.  In February 2015, we received approval from the FDA to commence second stage enrollment in this trial.  During September 2015, we completed the enrollment of the second stage study of 346 subjects at up to five additional investigational sites.  This trial is necessary in order to obtain clinical data to provide the primary support for a safety and effectiveness evaluation to support a pre-market approval, or “PMA”, for marketing clearance in the United States. Data on a minimum of 300 subjects with 24-month data will be submitted as part of the PMA, and all subjects will be followed for three years following implantation. We are pursuing a modular PMA submission strategy whereby we submitted to the

12

 


 

FDA information regarding biocompatibility in the second quarter of 2016. We submitted to the FDA the second a nd third PMA modules in the first quarter of 2017, which contains information regarding preclinical testing, engineering and manufacturing. We are targeting submission to the FDA of our final PMA module, containing 24-month data on 300 subjects, in the fou rth quarter of 2017. We are targeting PMA approval of our microlens in the third quarter of 2018. We are also targeting submission to the FDA of a final report with 36-month data on these 300 subjects in the fourth quarter of 2018.

These milestones could be delayed by further interactions with the FDA or by a variety of other factors.  In addition, no assurance can be given that the FDA will grant us PMA approval or, if granted, that it will be granted in accordance with our anticipated time schedule.  Also, the FDA may require us to conduct post-approval studies as a condition of approval.

We are a development stage ophthalmic device company with a limited operating history. We are not profitable and have incurred losses in each year since our formation. We have reported recurring net losses and negative cash flow from operating activities since inception and, as of June 30, 2017, we had an accumulated deficit of $80.4 million. We expect to continue to incur significant losses for the foreseeable future.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The discussion and analysis of our consolidated financial statements and results of operations is based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP.  The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, costs and expenses and related disclosures.  We have based and will base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. In many instances, we could have reasonably used different accounting estimates, and in other instances changes in the accounting estimates are reasonably likely to occur from period to period.  Accordingly, actual results could differ significantly from the estimates made by our management. To the extent that there are material differences between these estimates and actual results, our future financial statement presentation, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows will be affected. We believe that the accounting policies discussed below are critical to understanding our historical and future performance, as these policies relate to the more significant areas involving management’s judgments and estimates.

We describe our significant accounting policies in Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” of our notes to consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.  We discuss our critical accounting policies and estimates in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.  There have been no material changes in our significant accounting policies or critical accounting policies and estimates since the year ended December 31, 2016.

Results of Operations

Comparison of the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016 (in thousands)

 

 

 

Three-Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Change

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

$000's

 

 

%

 

Revenues

 

$

 

 

$

3

 

 

$

(3

)

 

 

-100

%

Cost of goods sold

 

 

17

 

 

 

26

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

-35

%

Gross loss

 

 

(17

)

 

 

(23

)

 

 

6

 

 

 

-26

%

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

2,022

 

 

 

1,244

 

 

 

778

 

 

 

63

%

Sales and marketing

 

 

816

 

 

 

733

 

 

 

83

 

 

 

11

%

General and administrative

 

 

1,649

 

 

 

1,881

 

 

 

(232

)

 

 

-12

%

Total operating expenses

 

 

4,487

 

 

 

3,858

 

 

 

629

 

 

 

16

%

Operating loss

 

 

(4,504

)

 

 

(3,881

)

 

 

(623

)

 

 

16

%

Interest (expense) income

 

 

(4

)

 

 

5

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

-180

%

Loss before income tax provision

 

 

(4,508

)

 

 

(3,876

)

 

 

(632

)

 

 

16

%

Income tax provision

 

 

25

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

317

%

Net loss

 

$

(4,533

)

 

$

(3,882

)

 

$

(651

)

 

 

17

%

13

 


 

 

 

 

Six-Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Change

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

$000's

 

 

%

 

Revenues

 

$

5

 

 

$

6

 

 

$

(1

)

 

 

-17

%

Cost of goods sold

 

 

28

 

 

 

47

 

 

 

(19

)

 

 

-40

%

Gross loss

 

 

(23

)

 

 

(41

)

 

 

18

 

 

 

-44

%

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

3,863

 

 

 

2,538

 

 

 

1,325

 

 

 

52

%

Sales and marketing

 

 

1,777

 

 

 

1,412

 

 

 

365

 

 

 

26

%

General and administrative

 

 

3,403

 

 

 

3,659

 

 

 

(256

)

 

 

-7

%

Total operating expenses

 

 

9,043

 

 

 

7,609

 

 

 

1,434

 

 

 

19

%

Operating loss

 

 

(9,066

)

 

 

(7,650

)

 

 

(1,416

)

 

 

19

%

Interest (expense) income

 

 

(18

)

 

 

9

 

 

 

(27

)

 

 

-300

%

Other income

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

-100

%

Loss before income tax provision

 

 

(9,084

)

 

 

(7,640

)

 

 

(1,444

)

 

 

19

%

Income tax provision

 

 

41

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

32

 

 

 

356

%

Net loss

 

$

(9,125

)

 

$

(7,649

)

 

$

(1,476

)

 

 

19

%

Revenue

Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2017 was $0 as compared to $3,000 for the corresponding period in 2016. Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2017 was $5,000 as compared to $6,000 for the corresponding period in 2016. Revenues were immaterial for both periods presented and are expected to continue to be immaterial in the near-term due to the fact that in the near term we are undertaking limited commercialization efforts in only a few selected markets. Unless and until we receive FDA approval to sell and market our microlens within the United States, we are focusing our sales and marketing resources to sell our microlens to refractive laser centers outside the United States.

Cost of Goods Sold

Cost of goods sold was $17,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2017 as compared to $26,000 in the three months ended June 30, 2016, or a reduction of $9,000, compared to a decrease of $3,000 in revenue for the same period. For the six months ended June 30, 2017 costs of goods sold was $28,000 as compared to $47,000, or a reduction of $19,000, compared to a decrease of $1,000 in revenue for the same period. Cost of sales includes inventory adjustments, such as a provision for inventory obsolescence, which can fluctuate from period to period depending upon the mix, the current shelf life of lens inventory in relation to our regulated policy and the size of our finished goods inventory. During the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, we recorded additional provisions for inventory obsolescence of $19,000 and $25,000, respectively. For the six month period ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, we recorded additional provisions for inventory obsolescence of $29,000 and $47,000, respectively.  

Research and Development

Research and development expense increased by $778,000, or 63%, for the three months ended June 30, 2017 as compared to the same period in 2016. The increase in research and development spend was primarily due to (i) a $404,000 cost increase related to compensation related costs, which were higher due to additional personnel costs from an increase in headcount, which included a transfer of personnel resources from the general and administrative department (ii) a $164,000 cost increase related to our U.S. clinical trials attributed to 2017 costs incurred for data monitoring and validation activities under both Phases I and II as compared to lower 2016 costs incurred for patient compliance activities, (iii) $65,000 for higher allocated manufacturing costs, and (iv) $145,000 for higher regulatory and quality assurance costs related to the submission to the FDA of the second and third PMA modules.

For the six months ended June 30 , 2017, research and development costs increased by $1.3 million, or 52% as compared to the same period in 2016. In the first quarter of 2017 we submitted to the FDA the second and third PMA modules, which resulted in higher expense levels in 2017 as compared to 2016. The increase was primarily due to (i) a $720,000 compensation costs increase (described above), (ii) a $280,000 cost increase related to our U.S. clinical trials (described above), (iii) $103,000 for higher allocated manufacturing costs, and (iv) $222,000 for higher regulatory and quality assurance costs related to the submission to the FDA of the second and third PMA modules.

14

 


 

During 2017, we expect that costs related to our U.S. staged pivotal clinical trial will continue to increase as compared to 2016, with the main focus of the trials shifting from compliance to sub mission to the FDA of the remaining PMA modules.

Sales and Marketing

Sales and marketing expense increased by $83,000 or 11%, for the three months ended June 30, 2017 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2016. For the six months ended June 30, 2017, sales and marketing expense also increased by $365,000 or 26%, as compared to the same period in 2016. The foregoing increases for both comparable periods were primarily related to higher advertising and promotional costs.

We continue to evaluate our commercialization strategy and may limit certain of our commercialization efforts to focus our resources on completing our U.S. staged pivotal clinical trial.

General and Administrative

General and administrative expense decreased by $232,000, or 12%, for the three months ended June 30, 2017 as compared to the same period in 2016. General and administrative expenses declined primarily due to (i) reduced professional fees resulting from reduced accounting and tax fees of $0.1 million and (ii) reduced stock-based compensation expense of $0.1 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2017, general and administrative expense  decreased by $256,000 or 7%, as compared to the same period in 2016. The foregoing decrease was primary related to  (i) reduced professional fees resulting from reduced accounting and tax fees of $0.2 million and (ii) reduced stock-based compensation expense of $0.1 million.

Interest Expense, net

Interest expense increased by $9,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to an interest income of $5,000 for the same period in 2016. The change is due primarily to an increase in interest expense related to the Neoptics asset purchase.

Net Loss

Our net loss of $4.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 was $0.7 million higher, or 17% higher, than the net loss of $3.9 million in the corresponding period in 2016. For the six months ended June 30, 2017, our net loss was $9.1 million as compared to $7.6 million or $1.5 million higher for the comparable period in 2016. We expect that losses will continue through 2018, and possibly further, due to anticipated costs related to our U.S. staged pivotal clinical trial and ongoing costs required to develop the market outside of the United States for our microlens.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

In March 2017, we closed a rights offering, pursuant to which we raised approximately $10.8 million in gross proceeds through the sale of 3,611,764 of its ordinary shares at a subscription price of $3.00 per whole share. At June 30, 2017, we had cash of $10.7 million, reflecting a $3.4 million increase from our cash balance at December 31, 2016 of $7.3 million. The increase reflects the rights offering proceeds, reduced by the use of cash to fund operations during the first six months of 2017 of approximately $7.1 million.

Our primary uses of cash are to fund operating expenses, primarily general and administrative expenditures and research and development expenditures.  Cash used to fund operating expenses is impacted by the timing of when we pay these expenses, as reflected in the change in our outstanding accounts payable and accrued expenses.

Our future capital requirements are difficult to forecast and will depend on many factors, including:

 

the progress, timing, costs and completion of U.S. staged pivotal clinical trial;

 

the outcome, timing and cost of regulatory approvals;

 

delays that may be caused by changing regulatory requirements;

 

timing and amount of revenue resulting from sales to customers outside the US; and

 

timing and amount of investments in our commercialization efforts outside the U.S.

15

 


 

The following table summarizes our cash flows for the periods indicated:

 

 

 

Six-Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

$

(7,127

)

 

$

(7,056

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

$

(94

)

 

$

(52

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

$

10,485

 

 

$

1

 

 

At June 30, 2017, we had an accumulated deficit of approximately $80.4 million and we expect to incur additional operating losses through 2018, and possibly further. As we continue to incur losses, our transition to profitability will depend on the successful development, approval and commercialization of our microlens. We may never achieve profitability, and unless and until we do, we will need to continue to raise additional capital.   Based on our current business plan, we believe that our cash and cash equivalents at June 30, 2017 will not be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash requirements through twelve months from the issuance date of these interim financial statements. 

Our current commercialization strategy is targeted to countries where we believe we can both establish the market for our technology and achieve positive cash flow from such geographic market as soon as possible.  We continue to evaluate this commercialization strategy and, in the future, we may limit our commercialization efforts to preserve our existing cash.  Our U.S. pivotal clinical trial and planned FDA approval is our highest priority.  That priority, coupled with our current commercialization efforts outside the U.S., will likely result in our need to raise additional capital to fund our operations. We may raise additional capital through equity offerings, debt financings, collaborations and/or licensing arrangements. Additional funds may not be available when we need them on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all. If adequate funds are not available on acceptable terms, we may be required to delay, reduce the scope of, or curtail, our operations. To the extent that we raise additional funds by issuing equity securities, our shareholders will experience dilution, and debt financing, if available, may involve restrictive covenants.

Going Concern

Management does not expect existing cash to be sufficient to fund the Company’s operations for at least twelve months from the issuance date of these interim financial statements. As of the period ended June 30, 2017, the Company has incurred losses totaling $80.4 million since inception, has not yet generated material revenue from operations, and will require additional funds to maintain our operations. These factors raise substantial doubt regarding the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after these interim financial statements are issued. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon its ability to generate future profitable operations and/or obtain the necessary financing to meet its obligations and repay its liabilities arising from normal business operations when they become due. The Company intends to finance operating costs over the next twelve months through its existing financial resources and we will need to raise additional capital through equity offerings, debt financings, collaborations and/or licensing arrangements. If adequate funds are not available on acceptable terms, we may be required to delay, reduce the scope of, or curtail, our operations. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have not entered into any off-balance sheet arrangements and do not have any holdings in variable interest entities.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Refer to Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” of our notes to consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for a discussion of new accounting standards.

 

 

16

 


 

ITEM 3.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATI VE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Under Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, rules and regulations, as a smaller reporting company we are not required to provide the information otherwise required by this item.

 

 

ITEM 4.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.  Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.  Based on such evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by Rule 13a-15(d) and 15d-15(d) of the Exchange Act that occurred during the quarter ended June 30, 2017 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We are not aware of any pending or threatened legal proceeding against us that could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results or financial condition.  However, the medical device industry is characterized by frequent claims and litigation, including claims regarding patent and other intellectual property rights as well as improper hiring practices. As a result, we may be involved in various legal proceedings from time to time.

ITEM 1A.

RISK FACTORS

Please refer to “Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 29, 2017 for a description of certain significant risks and uncertainties to which our business, operations and financial condition are subject. Except as set forth below, there have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.

There is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.   

We are an ophthalmic device company with a limited operating history. We do not possess the regulatory approvals necessary to market our products in the United States, and we continue to incur significant research and development, sales and marketing and general and administrative expenses related to our operations.  As a result, we have not generated any significant revenue from operations since inception, and we have incurred substantial net losses to date.  Our net losses for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 were $9.1 million, $15.8 million and $18.2 million, respectively. As of June 30, 2017, we had an accumulated deficit of $80.4 million. As of August 11, 2017, we believe that our current cash on hand will meet our anticipated cash requirements through the first of 2018.  We will need to obtain additional cash to continue operations and fund our planned future operations, which include seeking regulatory approval for our microlens and pursuing its commercialization in the United States, as well as other geographies where we have regulatory approval. Those circumstances raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. In particular and as discussed in greater detail below under the risk factor entitled “ Based on our current plan, we need additional capital to support our operations and may be unable to raise capital when needed . As of August 11, 2017, we believe that our current cash on hand will meet our anticipated cash requirements through the first quarter of 2018.

17

 


 

Based on our current plan , we need additional capital to support our operations and may be unable to raise capital when needed .

Based on our current business plan, we believe that our cash at June 30, 2017, coupled with anticipated revenues outside of the United States will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash requirements through the first quarter of 2018.  Our current commercialization strategy is targeted to countries where we believe we can both establish the market for our technology and achieve positive cash flow from such geographic market as soon as possible.  This commercialization strategy will undergo continual prioritization and in the future we may adjust our commercialization efforts to preserve our existing cash or realize better results than anticipated which could have a positive impact on cash.  Our U.S. pivotal clinical trial and planned FDA approval is our highest priority.  That priority, coupled with our current commercialization efforts outside the U.S., will likely result in our need to raise additional capital to fund our operations.  We may raise additional capital through equity offerings, debt financings, collaborations and/or licensing arrangements. Additional funds may not be available when we need them on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all. If adequate funds are not available, we may be required to delay, reduce the scope of, or curtail, our operations. To the extent that we raise additional funds by issuing equity securities, our shareholders will experience dilution, and debt financing, if available, may involve restrictive covenants.

ITEM 2.

UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

Not applicable.

ITEM 3.

DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None.

ITEM 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not Applicable.

ITEM 5.

OTHER INFORMATION

None.

 

18

 


 

ITEM 6.

EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit

Number

 

Exhibit Description

 

 

 

  3.1+

 

Amended and Restated Memorandum and Articles of Association of Presbia PLC

 

 

 

  31.1+

 

Certification of Principal Executive Officer Required by Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

  31.2+

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer Required by Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

  32.1*

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Accounting Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

101.INS+

 

XBRL Instance

 

 

 

101.SCH+

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema

 

 

 

101.CAL+

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation

 

 

 

101.DEF+

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition

 

 

 

101.LAB+

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label

 

 

 

101.PRE+

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation

 

+

Indicates filed herewith.

*

Indicates furnished herewith

 

 

 

19

 


 

SIGNAT URES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

PRESBIA PLC

 

 

 

Date:  August 11, 2017

By:

/s/ Todd Cooper

 

 

Todd Cooper

 

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

Date:  August 11, 2017

By:

/s/ Jarett Fenton

 

 

Jarett Fenton

 

 

Chief Financial Officer,

 

 

Vice President, Finance and Secretary

 

 

20

 

Exhibit 3.1

 

 

 

 

 

Companies Act 2014

 

 

A PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSTITUTION

 

of

 

PRESBIA PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY

 

 

 

(Amended and restated by special resolution dated August 3, 2017)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 


Cert No: 539137

Companies Act 2014

 

A PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY

 

MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION

 

of

 

PRESBIA PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY

(Amended and restated by special resolution dated   August 3, 2017)

 

1.

The name of the Company is Presbia public limited company.

2.

The Company is a public limited company, deemed to be a PLC to which Part 17 of the Companies Act 2014 applies.

3.

The objects for which the Company is established are:

 

3.1

 

(a)

To engage in developing, manufacturing, selling, marketing, distributing or otherwise commercializing medical devices and other products and procedures related to vision and all associated and related activities and to carry on various activities associated with that object.

 

(b)

To carry on the business of a holding company and to co-ordinate the administration, finances and activities of any subsidiary companies or associated companies, to do all lawful acts and things whatever that are necessary or convenient in carrying on the business of such a holding company and in particular to carry on in all its branches the business of a management services company, to act as managers and to direct or coordinate the management of other companies or of the business, property and estates of any company or person and to undertake and carry out all such services in connection therewith as may be deemed expedient by the Company’s board of directors and to exercise its powers as a shareholder of other companies.

 

(c)

To acquire the entire issued share capital of Presbia Ireland, Limited, a private limited company incorporated under the laws of Ireland.

 

3.2

To acquire shares, stocks, debentures, debenture stock, bonds, obligations and securities by original subscription, tender, purchase, exchange or otherwise and to subscribe for the same either conditionally or otherwise, and to guarantee the subscription thereof and to exercise and enforce all rights and powers conferred by or incidental to the ownership thereof.

 

3.3

To facilitate and encourage the creation, issue or conversion of and to offer for public subscription debentures, debenture stocks, bonds, obligations, shares, stocks, and securities and to act as trustees in connection with any such securities and to take part in the conversion of business concerns and undertakings into companies.

 

3.4

To purchase or by any other means acquire any freehold, leasehold or other property and in particular lands, tenements and hereditaments of any tenure, whether subject or not to any charges or encumbrances, for any estate or interest whatever, and any rights, privileges or easements over or in respect of any property, and any buildings, factories, mills, works, wharves, roads, machinery, engines, plant, live and dead stock, barges,

2


 

vessels or things, and any real or personal property or rights whatsoever which may be nec essary for, or may conveniently be used with, or may enhance the value or property of the Company, and to hold or to sell, let, alienate, mortgage, charge or otherwise deal with all or any such freehold, leasehold, or other property, lands, tenements or he reditaments, rights, privileges or easements.

 

3.5

To sell or otherwise dispose of any of the property or investments of the Company on such terms and subject to such conditions as for such consideration (if any) as the Directors think fit.

 

3.6

To establish and contribute to any scheme for the purchase of shares in the Company to be held for the benefit of the Company’s employees and, to the extent permitted by law, to lend or otherwise provide money to such schemes or the Company’s employees or the employees of any of its subsidiary or associated companies to enable them to purchase shares of the Company.

 

3.7

To grant, convey, transfer or otherwise dispose of any property or asset of the Company of whatever nature or tenure for such price, consideration, sum or other return whether equal to or less than the market value thereof and whether by way of gift or otherwise as the Directors shall deem fit and to grant any fee, farm grant or lease or to enter into any agreement for letting or hire of any such property or asset for a rent or return equal to or less than the market or rack rent therefor or at no rent and subject to or free from covenants and restrictions as the Directors shall deem appropriate.

 

3.8

To acquire and undertake the whole or any part of the business, good-will and assets of any person, firm or company carrying on or proposing to carry on any of the businesses which this Company is authorised to carry on, and as part of the consideration for such acquisition to undertake all or any of the liabilities of such person, firm or company, or to acquire an interest in, amalgamate with, or enter into any arrangement for sharing profits, or for co-operation, or for limiting competition or for mutual assistance with any such person, firm or company and to give or accept by way of consideration for any of the acts or things aforesaid or property acquired, any shares, debentures, debenture stock or securities that may be agreed upon, and to hold and retain or sell, mortgage or deal with any shares, debentures, debenture stock or securities so received.

 

3.9

To apply for, purchase or otherwise acquire any patents, brevets d’invention, licences, concessions and the like conferring any exclusive or non-exclusive or limited rights to use or any secret or other information as to any invention which may seem capable of being used for any of the purposes of the Company or the acquisition of which may seem calculated directly or indirectly to benefit the Company, and to use, exercise, develop or grant licences in respect of or otherwise turn to account the property, rights or information so acquired.

 

3.10

To enter into partnership or into any arrangement for sharing profits, union of interests, co-operation, joint venture, reciprocal concession or otherwise with any person or company carrying on or engaged in or about to carry on or engage in any business or transaction which the Company is authorised to carry on or engage in or any business or transaction capable of being conducted so as directly to benefit the Company.

 

3.11

To invest and deal with the monies of the Company not immediately required upon such securities and in such manner as may from time to time be determined.

 

3.12

To lend money to and guarantee the performance of the contracts or obligations of any company, firm or person, and the repayment of the capital and principal of, and dividends, interest or premiums payable on, any stock, shares and securities of any

3


 

company, whether having objects similar to those of this Company or not, and to give all kinds of indemnities.

 

3.13

To engage in currency exchange and interest rate transactions including, but not limited to, dealings in foreign currency, spot and forward rate exchange contracts, futures, options, forward rate agreements, swaps, caps, floors, collars and any other foreign exchange or interest rate hedging arrangements and such other instruments as are similar to, or derived from, any of the foregoing whether for the purpose of making a profit or avoiding a loss or managing a currency or interest rate exposure or any other exposure or for any other purpose.

 

3.14

To guarantee, support or secure, whether by personal covenant or by mortgaging or charging all or any part of the undertaking, property and assets (both present and future) and uncalled capital of the Company, or by both such methods, the performance of the obligations of, and the repayment or payment of the principal amounts of and premiums, interest and dividends on any securities of, any person, firm or company including (without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing) any company which is for the time being the Company’s holding company as defined by the Companies Act 2014 (or any successor legislation) or a subsidiary as therein defined of any such holding company or otherwise associated with the Company in business.

 

3.15

To borrow or secure the payment of money in such manner as the Company shall think fit, and in particular by the issue of debentures, debenture stocks, bonds, obligations and securities of all kinds, either perpetual or terminable and either redeemable or otherwise and to secure the repayment of any money borrowed, raised or owing by trust deed, mortgage, charge, or lien upon the whole or any part of the Company’s property or assets (whether present or future) including its uncalled capital, and also by a similar trust deed, mortgage, charge or lien to secure and guarantee the performance by the Company of any obligation or liability it may undertake.

 

3.16

To draw, make, accept, endorse, discount, execute, negotiate and issue promissory notes, bills of exchange, bills of lading, warrants, debentures and other negotiable or transferable instruments.

 

3.17

To subscribe for, take, purchase or otherwise acquire and hold shares or other interests in, or securities of any other company having objects altogether or in part similar to those of this Company, or carrying on any business capable of being conducted so as directly or indirectly to benefit this Company.

 

3.18

To hold in trust as trustees or as nominees and to deal with, manage and turn to account, any real or personal property of any kind, and in particular shares, stocks, debentures, securities, policies, book debts, claims and choses in actions, lands, buildings, hereditaments, business concerns and undertakings, mortgages, charges, annuities, patents, licences, and any interest in real or personal property, and any claims against such property or against any person or company.

 

3.19

To constitute any trusts with a view to the issue of preferred and deferred or other special stocks or securities based on or representing any shares, stocks and other assets specifically appropriated for the purpose of any such trust and to settle and regulate and if thought fit to undertake and execute any such trusts and to issue, dispose of or hold any such preferred, deferred or other special stocks or securities.

 

3.20

To give any guarantee in relation to the payment of any debentures, debenture stock, bonds, obligations or securities and to guarantee the payment of interest thereon or of dividends on any stocks or shares of any company.

4


 

3.21

To construct, erect an d maintain buildings, houses, flats, shops and all other works, erections, and things of any description whatsoever either upon the lands acquired by the Company or upon other lands and to hold, retain as investments or to sell, let, alienate, mortgage, ch arge or deal with all or any of the same and generally to alter, develop and improve the lands and other property of the Company.

 

3.22

To provide for the welfare of persons in the employment of or holding office under or formerly in the employment of or holding office under the Company including Directors and ex-Directors of the Company and the wives, widows and families, dependants or connections of such persons by grants of money, pensions or other payments and by forming and contributing to pension, provident or benefit funds or profit sharing or co-partnership schemes for the benefit of such persons and to form, subscribe to or otherwise aid charitable, benevolent, religious, scientific, national or other institutions, exhibitions or objects which shall have any moral or other claims to support or aid by the Company by reason of the locality of its operation or otherwise.

 

3.23

To remunerate by cash payments or allotment of shares or securities of the Company credited as fully paid up or otherwise any person or company for services rendered or to be rendered to the Company whether in the conduct or management of its business, or in placing or assisting to place or guaranteeing the placing of any of the shares of the Company’s capital, or any debentures or other securities of the Company or in or about the formation or promotion of the Company.

 

3.24

To enter into and carry into effect any arrangement for joint working in business or for sharing of profits or for amalgamation with any other company or association or any partnership or person carrying on any business within the objects of the Company.

 

3.25

To distribute in specie or otherwise as may be resolved, any assets of the Company among its members and in particular the shares, debentures or other securities of any other company belonging to this Company or of which this Company may have the power of disposing.

 

3.26

To vest any real or personal property, rights or interest acquired or belonging to the Company in any person or company on behalf of or for the benefit of the Company, and with or without any declared trust in favour of the Company.

 

3.27

To transact or carry on any business which may seem to be capable of being conveniently carried on in connection with any of these objects or calculated directly or indirectly to enhance the value of or facilitate the realisation of or render profitable any of the Company’s property or rights.

 

3.28

To accept stock or shares in or debentures, mortgages or securities of any other company in payment or part payment for any services rendered or for any sale made to or debt owing from any such company, whether such shares shall be wholly or partly paid up.