Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES and EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission file number: 001-36824

 

 

PRESBIA PLC

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Ireland   98-1162329

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

120/121 Baggot Street Lower, Dublin 2 Ireland  
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

+353 (1) 659 9446

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   x  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Small reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The number of outstanding shares of the Registrant’s ordinary shares as of May 12, 2015 was 13,351,874 shares.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

PRESBIA PLC

TABLE OF CONTENTS

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2015

 

Item

       Page  
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION   

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

     3   
 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014

     3   
 

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended March  31, 2015 and 2014

     4   
 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014

     5   
 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     6   

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     18   

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

     24   

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

     25   
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

     25   

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

     25   

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     27   

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     27   

Item 4.

 

Mine and Safety Disclosure

     27   

Item 5.

 

Other Information

     27   

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

     28   
 

Signatures

     29   


Table of Contents

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements, within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “objective,” “ongoing,” “plan,” “predict,” “project,” “potential,” “should,” “will,” or “would,” and or the negative of these terms, or other comparable terminology intended to identify statements about the future. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from the information expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Although we believe that we have a reasonable basis for each forward-looking statement contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we caution you that these statements are based on a combination of facts and factors currently known by us and our expectations of the future, about which we cannot be certain.

The forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include, among other things, statements about:

 

    the initiation, timing, progress and results of our clinical trials, our regulatory submissions and our research and development programs;

 

    our ability to advance our products into, and successfully complete, clinical trials;

 

    our ability to obtain pre-market approvals;

 

    the commercialization of our products;

 

    the implementation of our business model, strategic plans for our business, products and technology;

 

    the scope of protection we are able to establish and maintain for intellectual property rights covering our products and technology;

 

    estimates of our expenses, future revenues, capital requirements and our needs for additional financing;

 

    the timing or likelihood of regulatory filings and approvals;

 

    our financial performance; and

 

    developments relating to our competitors and our industry.

You should refer to “Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 31, 2015, for a discussion of important factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by our forward-looking statements. As a result of these factors, we cannot assure you that the forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q will prove to be accurate. You should understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors. Consequently, you should not consider any such list to be a complete discussion of all potential risks or uncertainties that may substantially impact our business. Moreover, we operate in a competitive and rapidly changing environment. New factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible to predict the impact of all of these factors on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Furthermore, if our forward-looking statements prove to be inaccurate, the inaccuracy may be material. In light of the significant uncertainties in these forward-looking statements, you should not regard these statements as a representation or warranty by us or any other person that we will achieve our objectives and plans in any specified time frame or at all. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

 

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You should read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and any documents that we reference in this report completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.

 

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

PRESBIA PLC

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share data)

(Unaudited)

 

     March 31,
2015
    December 31,
2014
 

Assets

    

Current assets

    

Cash

   $ 35,263      $ 138   

Accounts receivable

     44        25   

Inventory

     314        378   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     187        122   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

  35,808      663   

Property and equipment, net

  792      747   

Intangible asset

  44      46   

Other assets

  57      886   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

$ 36,701    $ 2,342   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and shareholders’ deficit

Current liabilities

Accounts payable

$ 1,965    $ 1,882   

Due to related parties

  161      12   

Other current liabilities

  550      700   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

  2,676      2,594   

Payable due to the Parent

  —        417   

Deferred rent

  33      37   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

  2,709      3,048   

Commitments and contingencies (note 10)

Shareholder’s equity (deficit)

Preferred Shares

$0.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized; none issued

  —        —     

Common Ordinary Shares

$0.001 par value, 350,000,000 shares authorized; 13,351,874 and none issued and outstanding at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively

  13      —     

Euro Ordinary Shares

One Euro (US$1.35) par value, 40,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively

  54      54   

Additional paid-in capital

  75,904      36,626   

Accumulated deficit

  (41,979   (37,386
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total shareholder’s equity (deficit)

  33,992      (706
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity (deficit)

$ 36,701    $ 2,342   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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PRESBIA PLC

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(in thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2015     2014  

Revenues

   $ 73      $ 26   

Cost of goods sold

     47        6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

  26      20   

Operating expenses:

Research and development

  1,776      732   

Sales and marketing

  519      249   

General and administrative

  2,319      1,376   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

  4,614      2,357   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating loss

  (4,588   (2,337

Interest expense

  —        433   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss before income tax provision

  (4,588   (2,770

Income tax provision

  5      2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss

  (4,593   (2,772

Other comprehensive loss

  —        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive loss

$ (4,593 $ (2,772
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss per share-basic and diluted

$ (0.39 $ (0.30
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Shares used to compute basic and diluted net loss per share

  11,762      9,167   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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PRESBIA PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2015     2014  

Cash flow from operating activities:

    

Net loss

   $ (4,593   $ (2,772

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:

    

Depreciation

     36        32   

Amortization

     3        1   

Inventory provisions

     35        —     

Share-based compensation (including allocation from Presbia Holdings)

     852        109   

Non-cash interest expense on funding from the Presbia Holdings

     1        433   

Non-cash operating expenses allocated from the Presbia Holdings

     —          184   

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

    

Accounts receivable

     (19     —     

Inventory

     28        (92

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     (65     (245

Other assets

     (10     —     

Accounts payable and other current liabilities

     737        (175

Income taxes payable

     4        —     

Deferred rent

     (4     (1

Due to related parties

     149        (53
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

  (2,846   (2,579
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flow from investing activities:

Website development costs

  —        —     

Purchase of property and equipment

  (47   (7
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

  (47   (7
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flow from financing activities:

Proceeds from issuance of ordinary shares upon initial public offering, net of underwriting costs

  38,750      —     

Deferred offering costs

  (1,873   (913

Capitalization of Presbia PLC

  —        54   

Issuance of restricted shares

  —        —     

Funding from the Parent

  1,141      3,068   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

  38,018      2,209   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in cash

  35,125      (377

Cash balance at beginning of period

  138      584   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash balance at end of period

$ 35,263    $ 207   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

Cash paid for income taxes

$ 3    $ —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities:

Purchase of property and equipment included in accounts payable

$ 34    $ —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Deferred offering costs included in accounts payable and other current liabilities

$ 521    $ 1,123   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Deferred offering costs included in Due to Presbia Holdings

$ —      $ 650   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Allocated operating expenses funded by the Presbia Holdings

$ —      $ 184   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Capitalization of amounts due to Presbia Holdings pursuant to the 2015 Debt Conversion

$ 1,559    $ —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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PRESBIA PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

(1) Basis of Presentation

Principles of Consolidation. The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been derived from the historical cost basis of the assets and liabilities, financial condition and cash flows of Presbia PLC and Presbia Ireland, Limited, both organized in Ireland, Presbia Investments, a direct subsidiary of Presbia PLC organized in the Cayman Islands, and Presbia Ireland, Limited’s subsidiaries, Presbia USA, Inc., and OPL, LLC. Presbia USA, Inc. and OPL, LLC are both entities organized in the United States, and include Presbia USA, Inc.’s subsidiaries, Visitome, Inc. and PresbiBio, LLC, both organized in the United States, and OPL, LLC’s direct and indirect subsidiaries, PIP Holdings, C.V and Presbia Cooperatief U.A., both organized in the Netherlands, PresbiOptical LLC, organized in the United States (collectively, including Presbia PLC, the “Company”). The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The Company’s fiscal year ends on December 31. The entities presented in the consolidated financial statements have been under common control during the periods presented. All intercompany accounts have been eliminated in consolidation.

Presbia PLC, an Irish public limited company, was formed on February 6, 2014 through the issuance of 40,000 shares for 40,000 Euros (approximately $54,000) for the purpose of consummating an initial public offering of its ordinary shares. Presbia PLC’s ultimate controlling shareholder, Presbia Holdings (the “Parent”), was organized in the Cayman Islands in 2007 as an exempted company with limited liability. On October 21, 2013, the Parent completed a restructuring (the “2013 Restructuring”) which involved the formation on September 13, 2013 of an interim holding company, Presbia Ireland, Limited, and the contribution by the Parent of 100% of its direct and indirect ownership interests in its business, assets and subsidiaries to Presbia Ireland, Limited.

2015 Debt Conversion. On January 14, 2015, the Parent converted all the remaining indebtedness owed to the Parent by a subsidiary of Presbia Ireland, Limited at that time to equity (the “2015 Debt Conversion”) in the amount of approximately $1.6 million. See Note 4 for additional discussion.

2015 Capital Contribution. On January 14, 2015, the Parent contributed all the share capital in issue in Presbia Ireland, Limited to Presbia PLC (the “2015 Capital Contribution”) in exchange for 9,166,667 ordinary shares of Presbia PLC. See Note 4 for additional discussion.

Initial Public Offering. On February 3, 2015, Presbia PLC completed its initial public offering (“IPO”) of 4,166,667 of its ordinary shares at a price to the public of $10.00 per ordinary share and commenced trading on The NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol LENS. The Parent acquired 500,000 ordinary shares in the public offering. The net proceeds from the IPO consisted of aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $41.7 million, less underwriting discounts and commissions of approximately $2.9 million and other issuance costs of approximately $1.9 million, resulting in net proceeds of approximately $36.9 million.

 

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Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2015 and for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of Form 10-Q and Article 10 of the Securities and Exchange Commission Regulation S-X and therefore do not include all information and notes which would be presented were such consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements presented in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014. Amounts related to disclosures of December 31, 2014 balances within these interim consolidated financial statements were derived from the aforementioned Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments which are necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results of operations for such interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results of operations to be expected for the full year.

References to amounts in the consolidated financial statement sections are in thousands, except per share data, unless otherwise specified.

Liquidity

The Company has incurred significant operating losses since inception and had relied on funding from the Parent to fund operations prior to its IPO on February 3, 2015. At March 31, 2015, the Company has an accumulated deficit of $42.0 million. As the Company continues to incur losses, its transition to profitability will depend on the successful development, approval and commercialization of its product and on the achievement of sufficient revenues to support its cost structure. The Company may never achieve profitability, and unless and until it does, it will need to continue to raise additional capital. Management expects that existing cash as of March 31, 2015 will be sufficient to fund the Company’s operations for the next 12 months.

 

(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue when there is persuasive evidence that an arrangement exists with the customer, selling prices are fixed or determinable, title or risk of loss has passed, and collection is reasonably assured. Revenue is recognized upon shipment and payments are either received in advance, or net 30 days. As of March 31, 2015, the Company was not authorized to manufacture or sell any of its products or services within the United States and, as a result, all of the Company’ revenues are derived from foreign customers.

 

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Clinical Trials

During 2014, the Company received approval from the FDA to commence a staged-enrollment pivotal FDA clinical trial of its microlens involving the implantation of presbyopic patients. The first staged-enrollment commenced during the first quarter of 2014, and during these trials, the Company incurred costs for patient recruiting, acquisition of clinical test equipment to be used in the trials, outside experts to read and interpret the results of the studies, third party costs to monitor the investigational sites and perform data collection activities and surgeon and patient fees in connection with the surgical procedures and follow-up visits. In February 2015, the Company received approval from the FDA to commence second stage enrollment in this trial. The Company’s policy with respect to the recognition of these costs is to record such costs as research and development expense in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss in the period in which the services are provided. The Company will evaluate the purchases of clinical test equipment, on a case by case basis, to determine if there exists an alternative use for the equipment following the clinical trials. In the event that the Company determines that there is no alternative use for the test equipment, that cost will be expensed as part of research and development expense.

Share-Based Compensation

The following table shows total share-based compensation expense included in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014:

 

     THREE MONTHS ENDED
MARCH 31,
 
     2015      2014  

Research and development

   $ 26       $ 83   

General and administrative

     796         21   

Sales and marketing

     30         5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

$ 852    $ 109   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Deferred Offering Costs

During the three months ended March 31, 2015, the Company incurred approximately $1.0 million related to its IPO which was completed on February 3, 2015. Upon completion of the IPO, the Company netted approximately $1.9 million in offering costs against the gross proceeds in shareholders’ deficit.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying values of certain of the Company’s financial instruments, such as prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses, approximate fair value due to their short maturities. Amounts payable to related parties, which has no fixed maturity or expiration date, do not have readily determinable fair values.

 

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Recent Accounting Standards

In January 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2015-01 which simplifies income statement presentation by eliminating the need to determine whether to classify an item as an extraordinary item. This ASU applies to all entities and is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted, but adoption must occur at the beginning of a fiscal year. An entity can elect to apply the guidance prospectively or retrospectively. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.

 

(3) Composition of Certain Financial Statement Captions

Inventory is summarized as follows:

 

     March 31,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

Lenses

   $ 303       $ 371   

Accessories

     11         7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

$ 314    $ 378   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property and equipment is summarized as follows:

 

     March 31,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

Office equipment and computers

   $ 51       $ 51   

Leasehold improvements

     134         132   

Production equipment and facilities

     711         682   

Software

     23         7   

Construction in process

     33         0   

Furniture and vehicles

     156         155   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
  1,108      1,027   

Less: accumulated depreciation

  (316   (280
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property & Equipment, net

$ 792    $ 747   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Other assets are summarized as follows:

 

     March 31,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

Prepaid rent and other

   $ 57       $ 47   

Deferred costs related to IPO

     —           839   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

$ 57    $ 886   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other current liabilities are summarized as follows:

 

     March 31,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

Costs related to the IPO

   $ —         $ 327   

Accrued professional fees

     224         20   

Accrued payroll and vacation

     40         114   

Other accrued liabilities

     286         230   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

$ 550    $ 691   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(4) Shareholders’ Deficit

Euro Ordinary Shares

As of March 31, 2015, the share capital of Presbia PLC was €40,000, consisting of 40,000 ordinary shares of one Euro each (the “Euro Ordinary Shares”). The Euro Ordinary Shares were issued and paid-in on February 6, 2014 in connection with the formation of Presbia PLC. On January 14, 2015, Presbia PLC amended its memorandum and articles of association, resulting in the re-designation of the 40,000 Euro Ordinary Shares as deferred ordinary shares. See discussion following under the caption “Common Ordinary Shares and Deferred Ordinary Shares” for a description of the amended rights and preferences of the deferred ordinary shares.

Common Ordinary Shares and Deferred Ordinary Shares

As of January 14, 2015, the share capital of Presbia PLC was $400,000 and €40,000, divided into 350,000,000 ordinary shares of $0.001 each (the “Ordinary Shares”), 9,166,667 of which are outstanding and were issued in connection with the 2015 Capital Contribution, 50,000,000 preferred shares of $0.001 (the “Preferred Shares”) each, all of which are authorized but unissued, and 40,000 deferred ordinary shares of €1.00 each (the “Deferred Ordinary Shares”), all of which are issued and outstanding. The aggregate 9,166,667 ordinary shares of Presbia PLC have been reflected as issued and outstanding as of the earliest date of the periods presented for purposes of computation of comparable basic and diluted net loss per share. On February 3, 2015, the Company completed its IPO and issued 4,166,667 ordinary shares at a price to the public of $10.00 per share.

The rights and restrictions attaching to the Ordinary Shares are as follows: the right to attend and speak at any general meeting of the Company and to exercise one vote per Ordinary Share held at any general

 

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meeting of the Company; the right to participate pro rata in all dividends declared by the Company; and the right, in the event of the Company’s winding up, to participate pro rata in the total assets of the Company.

The rights and restrictions attaching to the Deferred Ordinary Shares are as follows:

Income: The holder of a Deferred Ordinary Share shall not be entitled to receive any dividend or distribution declared, made or paid or any return of capital (save as provided below) and a Deferred Ordinary Share shall not entitle its holder to any further or other right of participation in the assets of the Company;

Capital: On a winding up of, or other return of capital (other than on a redemption of any class of shares in the capital of the Company) by the Company, the holders of Deferred Ordinary Shares shall be entitled to participate in such return of capital or winding up of the Company, such entitlement to be limited to the repayment of the amount paid up or credited as paid up on such Deferred Ordinary Shares and shall be paid only after the holders of Ordinary Shares shall have received payment in respect of such amount as is paid up or credited as paid up on those Ordinary Shares held by them at that time, plus the payment in cash of $5,000,000 on each such Ordinary Share.

Acquisition of Deferred Ordinary Shares: The Company as agent for the holders of Deferred Ordinary Shares shall have the irrevocable authority to authorize and instruct the Company’s secretary (or any other person appointed for the purpose by the Company’s board of directors) to acquire, or to accept the surrender of, the Deferred Ordinary Shares for no consideration and to execute on behalf of such holders such documents as are necessary in connection with such acquisition or surrender, and pending such acquisition or surrender to retain the certificates, to the extent issued, for such Deferred Ordinary Shares.

Voting: The holders of Deferred Ordinary Shares shall not be entitled to receive notice of, nor attend, speak or vote at, any general meeting.

The rights attaching to the Preferred Shares will be determined by the Company’s board of directors. The directors are authorized to issue all or any of the authorized but unissued Preferred Shares from time to time in one or more classes or series, and to fix for each such class or series such voting power, full or limited, or no voting power, and such designations, preferences and relative, participating, optional or other special rights and such qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof, as shall be stated and expressed in the resolution or resolutions adopted by the Board providing for the issuance of such class or series, including, without limitation, the authority to provide that any such class or series may be: redeemable at the option of the Company, or the holders, or both, with

 

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the manner of the redemption to be set by the Company’s board of directors, and redeemable at such time or times, including upon a fixed date, and at such price or prices, as shall be determined by the Board; entitled to receive dividends (which may be cumulative or non-cumulative) at such rates, on such conditions and at such times, and payable in preference to, or in such relation to, the dividends payable on any other class or classes of shares or any other series all as shall be determined by the Board; entitled to such rights upon the dissolution of, or upon any distribution of the assets of, the Company, as shall be determined by the Board; or convertible into, or exchangeable for, shares of any other class or classes of shares, or of any other series of the same or any other class or classes of shares, of the Company, at such price or prices or at such rates of exchange and with such adjustments as the Company’s board of directors determines.

Additional Paid-in Capital

On January 14, 2015, the Parent entered into a Debt Conversion Agreement pursuant to which all outstanding amounts owed to the Parent under the Interest Rate Agreement governing such debt at that time were contributed to paid-in capital of certain of the Parent’s subsidiaries.

Additional paid-in capital was $75.9 million as of March 31, 2015, compared to $36.6 million as of December 31, 2014. The change consists of a contribution of approximately $1.6 million pursuant to the Debt Conversion Agreement, share-based compensation of $0.8 million and net proceeds of $36.9 million from the Company’s IPO.

 

(5) Loss per Share

Unvested share-based payment awards that contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends are participating securities that should be included in computing loss per share using the two-class method. The Company’s nonvested restricted shares qualify as participating securities. Basic net loss per ordinary share is calculated by dividing net loss allocated to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the reporting period. Diluted net loss allocated to ordinary shareholders per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of ordinary shares and dilutive potential ordinary shares outstanding during the period. Dilutive potential ordinary shares consist of the shares issuable upon the exercise of options and upon the vesting of restricted shares under the treasury stock method. In net loss periods, basic and diluted net loss per share are identical since the effect of potential ordinary shares is anti-dilutive and therefore excluded.

Basic and diluted loss per share were calculated as follows:

 

     THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31,  
     2015      2014  

Net loss

   $ (4,593    $ (2,772

Net income allocated to participating securities

     —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net loss allocated to common shareholders

$ (4,593 $ (2,772

Weighted average shares outstanding - basic and diluted

  11,762      9,167   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net loss per share

$ (0.39 $ (0.30
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The aggregate 9,166,667 ordinary shares of the Company as discussed in Note 4 have been reflected as issued and outstanding as March 31, 2014 for purposes of computation of basic and diluted net loss per share. Antidilutive securities, which consist of options and restricted shares that are not included in the diluted net loss per share calculation, consisted of an aggregate of approximately 653,951 and 0 weighted average shares for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

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(6) Share Based Awards

Equity Issued by Parent

Prior to January 14, 2015 and the Company’s IPO, the Parent granted options to purchase its ordinary shares and granted awards of restricted ordinary shares, to both employees and non-employees of the Company and share-based compensation related to such awards is recognized as expense in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. Information regarding prior period awards is available in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014.

Options

No options were granted by the Parent during the three months ended March 31, 2015. As of March 31, 2015, there were options outstanding to purchase 4,741,250 of the Parent’s ordinary shares.

The following table sets forth the Parent’s option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2015:

 

PARENT

   NUMBER OF
PARENT’S
SHARES
     WEIGHTED
AVERAGE
EXERCISE
PRICE PER
SHARE
     AGGREGATE
INTRINSIC
VALUE
 

Balance, December 31, 2014

     4,835,000       $ 0.11     

Granted

     —         $ —        

Exercised

     (75,000    $ 0.08      $ 12   

Forfeited/cancelled

     (18,750    $ —        
  

 

 

       

Balance, March 31, 2015

  4,741,250    $ 0.11   $ 1,070   
  

 

 

       

Vested and expected to vest, March 31, 2015

  4,721,276    $ 0.11   $ 1,068   

Exercisable, March 31, 2015

  4,176,250    $ 0.09   $ 1,013   

Restricted Shares

No restricted shares were granted by the Parent during the three months ended March 31, 2015. As of March 31, 2015, there were 1,500,000 restricted shares of the Parent outstanding with a weighted average grant date fair value of $0.30 per share. The Company recorded compensation expense related to restricted shares of approximately $7,400 for the three months ended March 31, 2015.

Unrecognized Share-based Compensation

As of March 31, 2015, there was $89,400 and $7,400 of unrecognized compensation expense related to employee and non-employee options of the Parent, respectively, which is expected to be recognized by the Company over the weighted average vesting period of 3.3 years. Unrecognized compensation expense related to restricted shares was $107,000 as of March 31, 2015 and is expected to be recognized over the weighted average vesting period of 3.6 years.

 

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Equity Issued by Presbia PLC

Presbia Incentive Plan

On January 14, 2015, the Company approved a compensation incentive plan (the “Presbia Incentive Plan”). The Presbia Incentive Plan permits the Company to grant awards of options, restricted shares, share appreciation rights, restricted share units, performance shares, performance share units, dividend equivalent rights in respect of awards and other share-based and cash-based awards, including annual and long-term cash incentive awards. A total of 1,800,000 ordinary shares are authorized for issuance under the Presbia Incentive Plan. The exercise price of each option award shall be determined by the Board of Directors (or a committee thereof) at the date of grant in accordance with the terms of the 2005 Plan, and under the 2005 Plan awards generally vest 20% annually over a five-year period and expire no later than 10 years from the grant date. The Presbia Incentive Plan terminates on January 14, 2025, unless terminated earlier by the board of directors. Awards under the Presbia Incentive Plan may be granted to employees, directors, consultants and other persons who perform services for the Company or a subsidiary of the Company.

Options

On January 28, 2015, the Company’s board of directors approved grants to the following officers and directors, effective upon the execution of the underwriting agreement relating to the Company’s IPO: to Ralph Thurman, options to purchase 250,000 ordinary shares; to Zohar Loshitzer, options to purchase 100,000 ordinary shares; to Vladimir Feingold, options to purchase 100,000 ordinary shares; to Todd Cooper, options to purchase 450,000 ordinary shares; to Richard Ressler, options to purchase 10,000 ordinary shares; and to Mark Blumenkranz, options to purchase 10,000 ordinary shares. All such options were granted pursuant to the Presbia Incentive Plan at an exercise price of $10.00 per share and equal to the price at which the Company’s ordinary shares were offered to the public in its IPO. The options granted to Messrs. Loshitzer, Feingold and Cooper will vest in five equal annual installments commencing on January 28, 2016. The options granted to Messrs. Thurman, Ressler and Blumenkranz vested with respect to one-third of the underlying ordinary shares on the grant date and will vest with respect to one-third of the underlying ordinary shares on each of the next two anniversaries of that date. All options awarded will expire 10 years from the date of grant.

On March 16, 2015, the Company’s board of directors approved option awards of 10,000 options each, respectively, to Richard Fogarty, Chief Accounting Officer, and to Jake Vander Zanden, Chief Commercial Officer, and an aggregate 82,500 options were granted to other employees and non-employees vesting in five equal, annual installments commencing one year following the date of grant, at an exercise price of $8.63 per share. All options awarded will expire 10 years from the date of grant. As of March 31, 2015, all 102,500 options were outstanding.

 

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The following table sets forth the Company’s option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2015:

 

PRESBIA PLC

   NUMBER OF
SHARES
     WEIGHTED
AVERAGE
EXERCISE
PRICE PER
SHARE
     AGGREGATE
INTRINSIC
VALUE
 

Balance, December 31, 2014

     —         $ —        

Granted

     1,022,500       $ 9.86     
  

 

 

       

Balance, March 31, 2015

  1,022,500    $ 9.86   $ —     
  

 

 

       

Vested and expected to vest, March 31, 2015

  910,184    $ 9.87   $ —     

Exercisable, March 31, 2015

  90,000    $ 10.00   $ —     

The Company utilizes the Black-Scholes valuation model for estimating the fair value of share-based compensation with the following assumptions. The Company estimated expected life utilizing the simplified method because of its limited history of option exercise activity and its options meet the criteria of the “plain-vanilla” options. The simplified method calculates the expected term as the average of the vesting and contractual terms of the award.

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31, 2015
 

Expected life

     5.5 - 6.5 years   

Expected volatility

     76.8% - 84.6%   

Expected dividends

     —    

Risk-free rate

     1.3% - 1.8%   

The weighted-average grant date fair value of options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $6.99 per share.

Restricted Shares

On March 16, 2015, the Company’s board of directors approved grants of 9,270 restricted ordinary shares of the Company each to Robert J. Cresci and to Mark Blumenkranz, both of whom are board members. The aggregate 18,540 shares vest in five equal, annual installments commencing one year after the date of grant. The weighted-average grant date fair value for the restricted shares was estimated using the market price of the ordinary shares on the date of grant ($8.63 per share on March 16, 2015).

As of March 31, 2015, there were 18,540 restricted shares of the Company outstanding with a weighted average grant date fair value of $8.63 per share. The Company recorded compensation expense related to restricted shares of approximately $1,300 for the three months ended March 31, 2015.

 

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Unrecognized Share-based Compensation

As of March 31, 2015, there was $5.4 million and $62,000 of unrecognized compensation expense related to employee and non-employee options of the Company, respectively, which is expected to be recognized by the Company over the weighted average vesting period of 4.3 years. Unrecognized compensation expense related to restricted shares was $159,000 as of March 31, 2015 and is expected to be recognized over the weighted average vesting period of 5.0 years.

 

(7) Related Party Transactions

The following table sets forth the amounts due to related parties reflected in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets:

 

     March 31,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

Payable to related parties – current

     

Management services provided by related parties

   $ 161       $ 12   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

$ 161    $ 12   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Payable to related parties – noncurrent

Principle amounts due to the Parent

$ —      $ 417   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

$ —      $ 417   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(8) Concentration of Credit Risk

The Company had cash of $35.3 million and $138,000 as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, which consists of checking account deposits.

 

(9) Operating Segments and Geographic Information

The Company has one reportable segment that is evaluated regularly by its chief decision making group (consisting of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Accounting Officer) in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

 

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The following tables set forth the Company’s revenues generated from external customers located in foreign countries and long-lived assets by area:

 

                                                 
     Three Months Ended March 31,  

REVENUES

   2015      2014  

Ireland

   $ 34       $ 22   

Korea

     36         —     

Japan

     —           4   

Canada

     3         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

$ 73    $ 26   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

                                                 

LONG LIVED ASSETS

   March 31,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

U.S.

   $ 762       $ 716   

Foreign

     30         31   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

$ 792    $ 747   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(10) Commitments and Contingencies

From time to time, the Company may be subject to legal proceedings and claims arising in the ordinary course of business. Management does not believe that the outcome of any of these matters will have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial operations.

 

(11) Subsequent Events

In May 2015, the board of directors and shareholders of the Parent approved a plan to voluntarily liquidate the Parent and distribute, in August 2015, to its ordinary shareholders of record as of June 15, 2015, the remaining assets of the company, consisting primarily of 9,666,667 shares of Presbia PLC. The liquidation plan provides for (i) the unvested portions of the 4,741,250 outstanding options and 1,500,000 restricted shares as of March 31, 2015 to vest immediately, and (ii) the expiration date of the outstanding options to be set as June 15, 2015.

On May 7, 2015, the Company’s board of directors approved option grants covering an aggregate of 12,500 shares to be granted under the Presbia Incentive Plan to three employees at an exercise price of $8.82 per share and vesting in five equal, annual installments commencing one year following the date of grant. Such options expire 10 years from the grant date.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

Our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is organized as follows:

 

    Overview. This section provides a general description of our Company and background information on certain trends and developments affecting our Company.

 

    Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates. This section discusses those accounting policies that are considered important to the evaluation and reporting of our financial condition and results of operations, and whose application requires us to exercise subjective or complex judgments in making estimates and assumptions. In addition, all of our significant accounting policies, including our critical accounting policies, are summarized in Note 1, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” of our notes to consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

    Overview of Results of Operations. This section provides our analysis and outlook for the significant line items on our consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, as well as other information that we deem meaningful to understand our results of operations on a consolidated basis.

 

    Liquidity and Capital Resources. This section provides an analysis of our liquidity and cash flows.

 

    New Accounting Pronouncements. This section provides a summary of the most recent authoritative accounting standards and guidance that have either been recently adopted by our Company or may be adopted in the future.

Overview

We are an ophthalmic device company which has developed and is currently marketing a proprietary optical lens implant for treating presbyopia, the age-related loss of the ability to focus on near objects. Our microlens is a miniature lens designed to be surgically implanted in a patient’s eye to improve that patient’s ability to see objects at close distances. Our current strategy is to continue to commercialize our microlens in certain strategic countries where we currently have marketing approval and to continue to seek to obtain marketing approval in other key markets, including the United States. Our goal is to become a leading provider of corneal inlay presbyopia-correcting treatment worldwide.

Although reading glasses and contact lenses have historically been, and remain, the most common solution for presbyopia, there are significant drawbacks associated with these approaches, as well as with alternative surgical approaches. We believe that our microlens provides an alternative solution to those presbyopic individuals who desire greater freedom from glasses and wish to avoid the daily maintenance and other complications of contact lenses. We believe that our microlens can be both an effective standalone solution for presbyopia and an effective complementary solution that can be used in conjunction with certain other surgical approaches that are used to treat vision disorders other than presbyopia.

 

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Through our European Union CE Mark, we are generally authorized to market our microlens throughout the European Economic Area (27 of the 28 European Union member states plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway), or EEA, and Switzerland. We currently market our microlens in certain strategic EEA countries as well as certain strategic countries outside of the EEA in which we possess marketing approval.

We are presently seeking marketing approval in other strategic countries, including the United States. In December 2013, we received approval to commence a staged pivotal clinical trial as part of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, approval process. Beginning in May 2014, we enrolled a total of 75 subjects at six investigational sites in the United States and each subject underwent insertion of our microlens in the non-dominant eye. Based on six-month data on 52 subjects, in January 2015, we submitted an interim safety report as a supplement to our investigational device exemption, or IDE, to the FDA. In February 2015, we received approval from the FDA to commence second stage enrollment in this trial. We are permitted to enroll up to an additional 337 subjects at up to nine additional investigational sites. Through May 1, 2015, 82 subjects have underwent insertion of our microlens in the second stage of this study. This trial is necessary in order to obtain clinical data to provide the primary support for a safety and effectiveness evaluation to support a pre-market approval, or PMA, for marketing clearance in the United States. Data on a minimum of 300 subjects with 24-month data will be submitted as part of the PMA, and all subjects will be followed for three years following implantation. We are targeting submission of our final PMA, containing 24-month data on 300 subjects, to the FDA in the second quarter of 2017. We are pursuing a modular PMA submission strategy whereby we intend to submit to the FDA information regarding preclinical testing, engineering, and manufacturing in the fourth quarter of 2015 or the first quarter of 2016 prior to the submission of our final PMA. These milestones could be delayed by further interactions with the FDA or by a variety of other factors. In addition, no assurance can be given that the FDA will grant us PMA approval or, if granted, that it will be granted in accordance with our anticipated time schedule. Also, the FDA may require us to conduct post-approval studies as a condition of approval.

We are a development stage ophthalmic device company with a limited operating history. We are not profitable and have incurred losses in each year since our formation. We have reported recurring net losses and negative cash flow from operating activities since inception and, as of March 31, 2015, we had an accumulated deficit of $42.0 million. We expect to continue to incur significant losses for the foreseeable future.

On February 3, 2015, we closed the initial public offering of our ordinary shares. We sold a total of 4,166,667 ordinary shares in the offering at a public offering price of $10.00 per share. The aggregate public offering price was $41.7 million, and we received net proceeds of approximately $36.9 million from the offering, after deducting $4.8 million of underwriting discounts and commissions and issuance costs.

 

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Table of Contents

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The discussion and analysis of our consolidated financial statements and results of operations is based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, costs and expenses and related disclosures. We have based and will base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. In many instances, we could have reasonably used different accounting estimates, and in other instances changes in the accounting estimates are reasonably likely to occur from period to period. Accordingly, actual results could differ significantly from the estimates made by our management. To the extent that there are material differences between these estimates and actual results, our future financial statement presentation, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows will be affected. We believe that the accounting policies discussed below are critical to understanding our historical and future performance, as these policies relate to the more significant areas involving management’s judgments and estimates.

We describe our significant accounting policies in Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” of our notes to consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014. We discuss our critical accounting policies and estimates in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014. There have been no material changes in our significant accounting policies or critical accounting policies and estimates since the end of calendar year 2014.

 

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Results of Operations

Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 and March 31, 2014.

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2015      2014  

Revenues

   $ 73       $ 26   

Cost of goods sold

     47         6   

Operating expenses:

     

Research and development

     1,776         732   

Sales and marketing

     519         249   

General and administrative

     2,319         1,376   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating loss

  (4,588   (2,337

Interest expense

  —        433   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Loss before income tax provision

  (4,588   (2,770

Income tax provision

  5      2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net loss

$ (4,593 $ (2,772
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Revenue

Revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $73,000 as compared to $26,000 for the same period in 2014. The increase is primarily attributable to $36,000 in international sales to new customers in the Asian market. Until we receive FDA approval to sell and market our microlens within the United States, we are focusing our sales and marketing resources to sell our microlens to refractive laser centers outside the United States.

Cost of Goods Sold

Cost of goods sold was $47,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to $6,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2014. During the three months ended March 31, 2015, cost of goods sold consisted of $12,000 for cost of units shipped to customers and $35,000 for provision of inventory obsolescence. Cost of goods sold during the three months ended March 31, 2014 consisted of $2,000 for cost of units shipped to customers, and $4,000 for inventory adjustments.

Research and Development

Research and development expense increased by $1.0 million, or 143%, for the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to the same period in 2014. The change is primarily due to (i) a $0.7 million cost increase related to our U.S. staged pivotal clinical trial, which consists of costs incurred to recruit new patients for the second stage of our clinical trials, (ii) $0.2 million to establish and train new personnel, and (iii) a $0.1 million increase in product development costs from additional personnel costs. In February 2015, we received approval from the FDA to commence the second phase of the staged pivotal trial in February 2015.

 

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Sales and Marketing

Sales and marketing expense increased by $0.3 million, or 108%, for the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to the same period in 2014. The increase is a result of higher sales and marketing personnel costs and travel expenses related to supporting clients outside the United States.

General and Administrative

General and administrative expense increased by $0.9 million, or 69%, for the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to the same period in 2014. The change is due primarily to a $0.7 million increase in share-based compensation expense as a result of the issuance of 1,022,500 total Presbia PLC options on January 28, 2015 and March 16, 2015.

Interest Expense

Interest expense decreased by $0.4 million, or 100%, for the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to the same period in 2014. For the three months ended March 31, 2014, interest accrued on principle due to Presbia Holdings of approximately $4.3 million at an annual rate of 15% compounded daily. Subsequently, on November 30, 2014, Presbia Holdings converted all the indebtedness we owed to Presbia Holdings at that time to equity. Also, on November 30, 2014, we entered into an Interest Rate Agreement with Presbia Holdings wherein any future borrowings from Presbia Holdings would accrue interest at a rate equal to the then applicable monthly federal rate of interest for short-term loans, adjusted monthly, compounding daily. For the quarter ended March 31, 2015, interest was accrued on additional borrowings of approximately $1.1 million at an annual rate of 0.5% compounded daily. All remaining debt owed to Presbia Holdings was capitalized as of January 14, 2015.

Net Loss

Our net loss of $4.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $1.8 million greater, or 66% greater, than the loss in the corresponding period in 2014 of $2.8 million, due to increased operating expenses of $2.2 million, which included an increase in share-based compensation expense of $0.7 million, offset by a decrease in interest expense of $0.4 million. We expect that losses will continue through 2015 and 2016, and possibly further, due to anticipated costs related to our U.S. staged pivotal clinical trial and ongoing costs required to develop the market outside of the United States for our microlens.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

On February 3, 2015, we completed the initial public offering of our ordinary shares. We sold a total of 4,166,667 ordinary shares at a public offering price of $10.00 per share. At March 31, 2015, we had cash of $35.3 million, reflecting a $35.1 million increase from our balance at December 31, 2014. The increase primarily reflects the net proceeds from our initial public offering of approximately $36.9 million.

Our primary uses of cash are to fund operating expenses, primarily general and administrative expenditures and research and development expenditures. Cash used to fund operating expenses is impacted by the timing of when we pay these expenses, as reflected in the change in our outstanding accounts payable and accrued expenses.

Our future capital requirements are difficult to forecast and will depend on many factors, including:

 

    the initiation, progress, timing, costs and completion of clinical trials for our products;

 

    the number and characteristics of products that we pursue;

 

    the outcome, timing and cost of regulatory approvals; and

 

    delays that may be caused by changing regulatory requirements.

The following table summarizes our cash flows for the periods indicated:

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2015      2014  

Net cash used in operating activities

   $ (2,846    $ (2,579

Net cash used in investing activities

     (47      (7

Net cash provided by financing activities

     38,018         2,209   

Prior to the consummation of our initial public offering on February 3, 2015, we relied on funding from Presbia Holdings to fund all of our operations including offering costs to complete our initial public offering. At March 31, 2015, we had an accumulated deficit of approximately $42.0 million and we expect to incur additional operating losses during fiscal years 2015 and 2016, and possibly further. As we continue to incur losses, our transition to profitability will depend on the successful development, approval and commercialization of our microlens. We may never achieve profitability, and unless and until we do, we will need to continue to raise additional capital. With existing cash at March 31, 2015, we expect to be able to fund our operations and have sufficient cash reserves for the next 12 months.

 

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Contractual Obligations

The following table summarizes our contractual obligations as of March 31, 2015 and the effect that such obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash in future periods.

 

Contractual Obligations

   Less
Than
1 Year
     1 to 3
Years
     3 to 5
Years
     More
Than
5 Years
     Total  

Operating lease obligations

   $ 147       $ 215       $ —         $ —         $ 362   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

$ 147    $ 215    $ —      $ —      $ 362   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have not entered into any off-balance sheet arrangements and do not have any holdings in variable interest entities.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Refer to Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” of our notes to consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for a discussion of new accounting standards.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We are exposed to market risks in the ordinary course of our business. These risks primarily include interest rate and foreign exchange sensitivities as follows:

Interest Rate Risk

We had cash of $35.3 million and $138,000 as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, which consists of checking account deposits. Historically, we have maintained minimal cash balances. Our levels of interest income on the unused balances will continue to be subject to fluctuations in market interest rates.

We do not enter into investments for trading or speculative purposes and have not used any derivative financial instruments to manage our interest rate risk exposure. We have not been exposed nor do we anticipate being exposed to material risks due to changes in interest rates. A hypothetical 10% change in interest rates during any of the periods presented would not have had a material impact on our financial statements.

From January 1, 2015 to the consummation of our initial public offering on February 3, 2015, we funded our operations through borrowings from Presbia Holdings, at an interest rate equal to the then applicable monthly federal rate of interest for short-term loans, adjusted monthly, compounding daily.

 

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Transaction Risk

We may be exposed to transaction risk because some of our expenses will be incurred in a different currency than our reporting currency, the U.S. Dollar. To date, we have not attempted to offset our exposure to this risk by investing in derivatives or engaging in other hedging transactions.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Accounting Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Based on such evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Accounting Officer have concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by Rule 13a-15(d) and 15d-15(d) of the Exchange Act that occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2015 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We are not aware of any pending or threatened legal proceeding against us that could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results or financial condition. However, the medical device industry is characterized by frequent claims and litigation, including claims regarding patent and other intellectual property rights as well as improper hiring practices. As a result, we may be involved in various legal proceedings from time to time.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

Please refer to “Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 31, 2015, for a description of certain significant risks and uncertainties to which our business, operations and financial condition are subject. Except as set forth below, there have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

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The contemplated liquidation of Presbia Holdings, our controlling shareholder, could have a material adverse effect on the market price of our ordinary shares, even if our business is doing well.

On May 13, 2015, the board of directors of Presbia Holdings, our controlling shareholder, approved the liquidation of Presbia Holdings, which liquidation was subsequently approved by the shareholders of Presbia Holdings on May 13, 2015. As of the date hereof, Presbia Holdings holds 9,666,667 shares of our issued and outstanding ordinary shares, consisting of 9,166,667 unregistered shares that it acquired before the consummation of our initial public offering and 500,000 registered shares that it purchased in our initial public offering. In connection with the liquidation of Presbia Holdings, Presbia Holdings intends to distribute the 9,666,667 shares, which we refer to as the Shares, to its equity holders pro rata based on their equity ownership in Presbia Holdings, which distribution is expected to occur on or about August 3, 2015, following the expiration of the lockup restrictions set forth in the lockup agreement entered into by Presbia Holdings and the underwriter for our initial public offering. Certain of our executive officers and directors, including Richard Ressler, one of our directors who directly and/or indirectly controls Presbia Holdings, and certain of their affiliated entities, own equity in Presbia Holdings and will receive a pro rata portion of the Shares to be distributed in connection with the liquidation of Presbia Holdings based on their equity ownership of Presbia Holdings.

Of the 9,666,667 Shares to be distributed in the liquidation of Presbia Holdings, approximately 97% of such shares, or approximately 9,408,088 shares, are expected to be distributed to “affiliates” of the Company, as defined in Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, which we refer to as the Act. Resales of any such shares by such affiliates, whether or not the shares were previously registered under the Act, will be subject to Rule 144 promulgated under the Act, including the volume limitations, unless such shares are registered under the Act for resale by such affiliates. Non-affiliates of the Company may freely sell any registered shares that they receive in the liquidation of Presbia Holdings, and they may sell any unregistered shares that they receive in the liquidation pursuant to Rule 144, without volume limitations, or pursuant to an effective registration statement registering the shares.

To date, there has been an inactive trading market for our ordinary shares. If one or more of the recipients of the Shares sell, or indicate an intention to sell, a number of ordinary shares in the public market that exceeds the levels of trading volume that we have typically experienced since the date of our initial public offering, the trading price of our ordinary shares could decline significantly, even if our business is doing well. The perception in the market that these sales may occur could also cause the trading price of our ordinary shares to decline.

 

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In addition, Presbia Holdings is party to a registration rights agreement with Presbia, which we refer to as the Registration Rights Agreement. The Registration Rights Agreement provides Presbia Holdings with both demand registration rights and piggyback registration rights. The Registration Rights Agreement provides that in connection with an in-kind distribution of the Shares by Presbia Holdings, Presbia Holdings has the right to designate which of the recipients will receive the demand registration rights set forth in the Registration Rights Agreement. In connection with the distribution of the Shares as part of the liquidation of Presbia Holdings, only Richard Ressler and two of his affiliated entities will receive the demand registration rights set forth in the Registration Rights Agreement. All of the recipients of the Shares will have the piggyback registration rights set forth in the Registration Rights Agreement. Registration of these shares under the Securities Act would result in the shares becoming freely tradable without restriction under the Securities Act, except for shares purchased by affiliates.

Following the distribution of the Shares in the liquidation of Presbia Holdings, Richard Ressler, directly and/or indirectly, will continue to beneficially own a majority of the voting power of our issued and outstanding ordinary shares, and thus, we will remain a “controlled company” within the meaning of the corporate governance rules of NASDAQ.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

Use of Proceeds from Initial Public Offering of Ordinary Shares

On January 28, 2015, our registration statement on Form S-1 (File No 333-194713), as amended, was declared effective by the SEC for our initial public offering. Upon the closing of our initial public offering on February 3, 2015, we sold 4,166,667 ordinary shares, $0.001 par value per share, at a public offering price of $10.00 per share, for an aggregate public offering price of $41.7 million.

There has been no material change in the use or planned use of proceeds from our initial public offering from that described in the final prospectus related to the offering, which we filed with the SEC on January 29, 2015.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not Applicable

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

None.

 

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit
Number

  

Exhibit Description

  31.1+    Certification of Principal Executive Officer Required by Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  31.2+    Certification of Principal Financial Officer Required by Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  32.1*    Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Accounting Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS**    XBRL Instance
101.SCH**    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
101.CAL**    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation
101.DEF**    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition
101.LAB**    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label
101.PRE**    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation

 

+ Indicates filed herewith.
* Indicates furnished herewith
** XBRL information is furnished and not filed or a part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of section 11 or 12 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1933, as amended, is deemed not filed for purposes of section 18 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these section.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

PRESBIA PLC
Date: May 15, 2015 By:

/s/ Todd Cooper

Todd Cooper
President and Chief Executive Officer
Date: May 15, 2015 By:

/s/ Richard Fogarty

Richard Fogarty
Chief Accounting Officer,
Vice President, Finance and Secretary

 

29

EX-31.1

EXHIBIT 31.1

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER REQUIRED BY

RULE 13A-14(A) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, AS AMENDED,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Todd Cooper, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Presbia PLC;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) for the registrant and have:

 

  (a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  (b) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  (c) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  (a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  (b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: May 15, 2015 By:

/s/ Todd Cooper

Todd Cooper
Chief Executive Officer
EX-31.2

EXHIBIT 31.2

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING OFFICER REQUIRED BY

RULE 13A-14(A) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, AS AMENDED,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Richard Fogarty, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Presbia PLC;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) for the registrant and have:

 

  (a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  (b) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  (c) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  (a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  (b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: May 15, 2015 By:

/s/ Richard Fogarty

Richard Fogarty
Chief Accounting Officer
EX-32.1

EXHIBIT 32.1

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND CHIEF ACCOUNTING OFFICER

PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Presbia PLC (the “Company”) for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015 (the “Report”), the undersigned hereby certify in their capacities as Chief Executive Officer and Chief Accounting Officer of the Company, respectively, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

  1. the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

 

  2. the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: May 15, 2015 By:

/s/ Todd Cooper

Todd Cooper
Chief Executive Officer
(Principle Executive Officer)
Date: May 15, 2015 By:

/s/ Richard Fogarty

Richard Fogarty
Chief Accounting Officer
(Principle Accounting Officer)

A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signatures that appear in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.